Country Names in Chinese

This page lists the names of all the countries in the world in Mandarin Chinese and Pinyin romanization. But first, here is some useful information about the way countries are named in Chinese.

As a general rule there are two ways of forming the name of foreign countries in Chinese.

1. The word “country” ( guó) is added to a character whose pronunciation is similar to the name of the country concerned.

  • 美国 měiguó: America
  • 英国 yīng guó: England
  • 法国 fǎ guó: France
  • 德国 dé guó: Germany

2. A purely phonetic translation is used. Chinese characters are used to replace the sound of the country’s name.

  • 爱尔兰 ài ěr lán: Ireland
  • 意大利 yì dà lì: Italy

Learn the proper use of country names in Chinese in Lesson Three: What Country Are You From?

List of Countries

  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Afghanistan阿富汗ā fù hàn
    Albania阿尔巴尼亚ā ěr bā ní yà
    Algeria阿尔及利亚ā ér jí lì yà
    Andorra安道尔ān dào ěr
    Angola安哥拉ān gē lā
    Antigua and Barbuda安提瓜和巴布达ān tí guā hé bā bù dá
    Argentina阿根廷ā gēn tíng
    Armenia亚美尼亚yà měi ní yà
    Australia澳大利亚ào dà lì yà
    Austria奥地利ào dì lì
    Azerbaijan阿塞拜疆ā sài bài jiāng
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Bahamas巴哈马bā hā mǎ
    Bahrain巴林bā lín
    Bangladesh孟加拉国mèng jiā lā guó
    Barbados巴巴多斯bā bā duō sī
    Belarus白俄罗斯bái é luó sī
    Belgium比利时bǐ lì shí
    Belize伯利兹bó lì zī
    Benin贝宁bèi níng
    Bhutan不丹bù dān
    Bolivia玻利维亚bō lì wéi yà
    Bosnia and Herzegovina波斯尼亚 – 黑塞哥维那bō sī ní yà – hēi sè gē wéi nà
    Botswana博茨瓦纳bó cí wǎ nà
    Brazil巴西bā xī
    Brunei文莱达鲁萨兰国wén lái dá lǔ sà lán guó
    Bulgaria保加利亚bǎo jiā lì yà
    Burkina Faso布基纳法索bù jī nà fǎ suǒ
    Burma缅甸miǎn diàn
    Burundi蒲隆地pú lóng dì
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Cambodia柬埔寨jiǎn pǔ zhài
    Cameroon喀麦隆kà mài lóng
    Canada加拿大jiā ná dà
    Cape Verde佛得角fó dé jiǎo
    Central African Republic中非共和国zhōng fēi gòng hé guó
    Chad乍得zhà dé
    Chile智利zhì lì
    China中国zhōng guó
    Colombia哥伦比亚gē lún bǐ yà
    Comoros科摩罗kē mó luó
    Congo, Democratic Republic刚果民主共和国gāng guǒ mín zhǔ gòng hé guó
    Congo, Republic of刚果共和国gāng guǒ gòng hé guó
    Costa Rica哥斯达黎加gē sī dà lí jiā
    Croatia克罗地亚kè luó dì yà
    Cuba古巴gǔ bā
    Cyprus塞浦路斯sè pǔ lù sī
    Czech Republic捷克共和国jié kè gòng hé guó
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Denmark丹麦dān mài
    Djibouti吉布提jí bù tí
    Dominica多米尼克duō míng ní jiā
    Dominican Republic多米尼加共和国duō mǐ ní jiā gòng hé guó
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    East Timor东帝汶dōng dì wèn
    Ecuador厄瓜多尔è guā duō ěr
    Egypt埃及āi jí
    El Salvador萨尔瓦多sà ěr wǎ duō
    Equatorial Guinea赤道几内亚chì dào jǐ nèi yà
    Eritrea厄立特里亚è lì tè lǐ yà
    Estonia爱沙尼亚ài shā ní yà
    Ethiopia埃塞俄比亚ǎi sài é bǐ yà
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Fiji斐济fěi jì
    Finland芬兰fēn lán
    France法国fǎ guó
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Gabon加蓬jiā péng
    Gambia冈比亚gāng bǐ yà
    Georgia格鲁吉亚gé lǔ jí yà
    Germany德国dé guó
    Ghana加纳jiā nà
    Greece希腊xī là
    Grenada格林纳达gé lín nà dá
    Guatemala危地马拉guā dì mǎ lā
    Guinea几内亚jī nèi yà
    Guinea-Bissau几内亚比绍jǐ nèi yǎ bǐ shào
    Guyana圭亚那guī yà nà
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Haiti海地hǎi dì
    Honduras洪都拉斯hóng dū lā sī
    Hungary匈牙利xiōng yá lì
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Iceland冰岛bīng dǎo
    India印度yìn dù
    Indonesia印度尼西亚yīn dù ní xī yà
    Iran伊朗yī lǎng
    Iraq伊拉克yī lā kè
    Ireland爱尔兰ài ěr lán
    Israel以色列yǐ sè liè
    Italy意大利yì dà lì
    Ivory Coast科特迪瓦kē tè dí wǎ
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Jamaica牙买加yá mǎi jiā
    Japan日本rì běn
    Jordan约旦yuē dàn
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Kazakhstan哈萨克斯坦hā sà kè sī tǎn
    Kenya肯尼亚kěn ní yà
    Kiribati基里巴斯jí lǐ bā sī
    Korea (North)北朝鲜běi cháo xiǎn
    Korea (South)韩国hán guó
    Kuwait科威特kē wēi tè
    Kyrgyzstan吉尔吉斯斯坦jí ěr jí sī sī tǎn
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Laos老挝lǎo wō
    Latvia拉脱维亚lā tuō wéi yà
    Lebanon黎巴嫩lí bā nèn
    Lesotho莱索托lái suǒ tuō
    Liberia利比里亚lì bǐ lǐ yà
    Libya利比亚lì bǐ yà
    Liechtenstein列支敦士登liè zhī dūn shì dēng
    Lithuania立陶宛lì táo wǎn
    Luxembourg卢森堡lú sēn bǎo
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Macedonia马其顿mǎ qí dùn
    Madagascar马达加斯加mǎ dá jiā sī jiā
    Malawi马拉维mǎ lā wéi
    Malaysia马来西亚mǎ lái xī yà
    Maldives马尔代夫mǎ ěr dài fū
    Mali马里mǎ lǐ
    Malta马耳他mǎ ěr tā
    Marshall Islands马绍尔群岛mǎ shào ěr qún dǎo
    Mauritania毛里塔尼亚máo lǐ tǎ ní yà
    Mauritius毛里求斯máo lǐ qiú sī
    Mexico墨西哥mò xī gē
    Micronesia密克罗尼西亚mì kè luó ní xī yà
    Moldova摩尔多瓦mó ěr duō wǎ
    Monaco摩纳哥mó nà gē
    Mongolia蒙古měng gǔ
    Montenegro黑山hēi shān
    Morocco摩洛哥mó luò gē
    Mozambique莫桑比克mò sāng bǐ kè
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Namibia纳米比亚nà mǐ bǐ yà
    Nauru瑙鲁nào lǔ
    Nepal尼泊尔ní bó ěr
    Netherlands荷兰hé lán
    New Zealand新西兰xīn xī lán
    Nicaragua尼加拉瓜ní jiā lā guā
    Niger尼日尔ní rì ěr
    Nigeria尼日利亚ní rì lì yà
    Norway挪威nuó wēi
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Oman阿曼ā màn
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Pakistan巴基斯坦bā jī sī tǎn
    Palau帕劳pà láo
    Palestine巴勒斯坦bā lè sī tǎn
    Panama巴拿马xbā ná mǎ
    Papua New Guinea巴布亚新几内亚bā bù yà xīn jǐ nèi yà
    Paraguay巴拉圭bā lā guī
    Peru秘鲁bì lǔ
    Philippinesx菲律宾fēi lǜ bīn
    Poland波兰bō lán
    Portugal葡萄牙pú táo yá
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Qatar卡塔尔qiǎ tǎ ěr
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Romania罗马尼亚luó mǎ ní yà
    Russia俄罗斯é luó sī
    Rwanda卢旺达lú wàng dá
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Saint Kitts and Nevis圣基茨和尼维斯shèng jī cí hé ní wéi sī
    Saint Lucia圣卢西亚shèng lú xī yà
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines圣文森特和格林纳丁斯 shèng wén sēn tè hé gé lín nà dīng sī
    Samoa萨摩亚sà mó yà
    San Marino圣马力诺shèng mǎ lì nuò
    São Tomé and Príncipe圣多美普林西比shèng duō měi pǔ lín xī bǐ
    Saudi Arabia沙特阿拉伯shā tè ā lā bó
    Senegal塞内加尔sè nèi jiā ěr
    Serbia塞尔维亚sāi ěr wéi yà
    Seychelles塞舌尔sāi shé ěr
    Sierra Leone塞拉利昂sāi lā lì áng
    Singapore新加坡xīn jiā pō
    Slovakia斯洛伐克sī luò fá kè
    Slovenia斯洛文尼亚sī luò wén ní yà
    Solomon Islands所罗门群岛suǒ luó mén qún dǎo
    Somalia索马里suǒ mǎ lǐ
    South Africa南非nán fēi
    South Sudan南蘇丹nán sū dān
    Spain西班牙xī bān yá
    Sri Lanka斯里兰卡sī lǐ lán kǎ
    Sudan苏丹sū dān
    Suriname苏里南sū lǐ nán
    Swaziland史瓦济兰shǐ wǎ jì lán
    Sweden瑞典ruì diǎn
    Switzerland瑞士ruì shì
    Syria叙利亚xù lì yà
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Tajikistan塔吉克斯坦tǎ jí kè sī tǎn
    Tanzania坦桑尼亚tǎn sāng ní yà
    Thailand泰国tài guó
    Togo多哥duō gē
    Tonga東加dōng jiā
    Trinidad and Tobago特立尼达和多巴哥tè lì ní dá hé duō bā gē
    Tunisia突尼斯tū ní sī
    Turkey土耳其tǔ ěr qí
    Turkmenistan土库曼tǔ kù màn
    Tuvalu吐瓦鲁tǔ wǎ lǔ
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Uganda乌干达wū gān dá
    Ukraine乌克兰wū kè lán
    United Arab Emirates阿拉伯联合酋长国ā lā bó lián hé qiú cháng guó
    United Kingdom英国yīng guó
    United States美国měi guó
    Uruguay乌拉圭wū lā guī
    Uzbekistan乌兹别克斯坦wū zī bié kè sī tǎn
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Vanuatu瓦努阿图wǎ nǔ ā tú
    Vatican City梵帝冈fàn dì gāng
    Venezuela委内瑞拉wěi nèi ruì lā
    Vietnam越南yuè nán
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Yemen也门yě mén
  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Zambia赞比亚zàn bǐ yà
    Zimbabwe津巴布韦jīn bā bù wéi