What do you do?
I am a foreign student.
What do you study in China?
I am studying Mandarin.
Then how is your spoken Mandarin?
我说得一般, 我刚开始学汉语, 还不到一个月.
I speak so so, I am just starting to learn Mandarin and it hasn’t been a month yet.
Are they also foreign students?
No, they are travelers.
Which cities have you been to in China?
我们从西安刚来, 之前还去过重庆, 南京, 上海, 昆明和西藏.
We just came back from Xi’an, before that we also went to Chongqing, Nanjing, Shanghai, Kunming and Tibet.
|哪些||pron. which? which ones? what?|
|这||pron. this, here|
|留学生||n. student studying abroad|
|月||n. month, moon|
|城市||n. town, city|
|一般||adj. alike, the same, just as; general, common, ordinary; so so; adv. the same as, similarly;|
|工作||vb. work; n. work, job, employment|
|旅游||vb. tour, travel|
|来||vb. to come, arrive|
|学||vb. study, learn, imitate; n. school institution of learning, level of schooling, study of, field of.|
|开始||vb. start, begin, commence; n. beginning, start, outset|
|去过||vb. past tense|
|刚||adv. referring to something that is happening or about to happen, just, no more than|
|都||all, both; can also pronouncedfor capital city|
|还||adv.still, yet; (when making comparisons) even more, still more; also, too, in addition; rather, fairly;|
|不到||but not yet|
|个||mw. measure work for countable object|
|从||prep. (used to indicate the starting point) from|
|之前||prep. before, prior to..., in front of|
|和||(connects parallel expressions) and, together with you|
The word 家 also means a specialist in a certain field beside family, home or a person or family engaged in a certain profession as in 行家 . A specialist in a certain field: 科学家 = scientist 艺术家 = artist.
The table below lists several occupations.
|List of Occupations|
|厨师||cook or chef|
For even more occupations, see Free Chinese Lessons list of occupations.
Sentences with 和
The conjunction 和 connects pronouns and nouns. It doesn’t connect adjectives, verbs or sentences.
Nouns as attributives
A noun can be put before another noun as an attributive to indicate nature. For example, 你的朋友, 我的工作, 他的翻译者.
Measure word 个
It is characteristic in Chinese to add a specific measure word before a noun. For example, 这个月, 那个老师.
Read the following phrases and translate them into English.
This concludes lesson four. Remember to review the previous lessons. They will always help you with the current lesson. When you feel ready, let’s move on to the next lesson.