Country Names in Chinese

This page lists the names of all the countries in the world in Mandarin Chinese and Pinyin romanization. But first, here is some useful information about the way countries are named in Chinese.

As a general rule there are two ways of forming the name of foreign countries in Chinese.

1. The word “country” ( guó) is added to a character whose pronunciation is similar to the name of the country concerned.

  • 美国 měiguó: America
  • 英国 yīng guó: England
  • 法国 fǎ guó: France
  • 德国 dé guó: Germany

2. A purely phonetic translation is used. Chinese characters are used to replace the sound of the country’s name.

  • 爱尔兰 ài ěr lán: Ireland
  • 意大利 yì dà lì: Italy

Learn the proper use of country names in Chinese in Lesson Three: What Country Are You From?

List of Countries

  • English Name
    Chinese Name
    Pinyin
    Afghanistan阿富汗ā fù hàn
    Albania阿尔巴尼亚ā ěr bā ní yà
    Algeria阿尔及利亚ā ér jí lì yà
    Andorra安道尔ān dào ěr
    Angola安哥拉ān gē lā
    Antigua and Barbuda安提瓜和巴布达ān tí guā hé bā bù dá
    Argentina阿根廷ā gēn tíng
    Armenia亚美尼亚yà měi ní yà
    Australia澳大利亚ào dà lì yà
    Austria奥地利ào dì lì
    Azerbaijan阿塞拜疆ā sài bài jiāng